1. Research methods that predict behavior, but do not necessarily choose one causal explanation over competing ones, are called:
1. A researcher studies the history of a suicide bomber who attempted to blow up a police station. The researcher’s goal is to understand the person’s childhood or dreams that led to the person’s behavior for becoming a bomber. This type of research is called a(n):
1. Which modern psychological perspective is behaviorism a part of?
1.Tessa agrees to an evaluation designed to tap her unconscious feelings and motives. Tessa will be given a(n):
1.Reliance on introspection got structuralists into trouble because:
Despite their training, introspectors often produced conflicting reports.
They failed to generate an intensive program of research.
They emphasized the purpose of behavior, as opposed to its analysis and description.
Trained introspection was rejected as being too objective.
1. Which school of thought in psychology tried to explain how specific behaviors and mental processes help a person adapt to the environment?
1. To test whether people in bars drink more when they are in groups than when they are alone, researchers visited all the pubs in a city. They ordered beers and recorded observations on napkins and pieces of newspaper. Why did they keep their identities in disguise?
They were conducting a double-blind study.
They wanted to make sure the study had test-retest reliability.
They needed to determine the experimenter effects in the study at a later point in time.
They wanted the people they were observing to behave naturally.
1. Dawn is systematically recording the naturalistic behaviors of kids in a nursery school, taking pains to avoid intruding or being obvious about what she is doing. Dawn is engaging in a(n):
1. Which of the following modern psychological perspectives most resembles functionalism?
1. __________ had inferred that the brain is the ultimate source of all pleasures and sorrows long before it was verified, and he is now known as the founder of modern medicine.
1. Hippocrates argued that the brain is the ultimate source of human pleasures and pains.
1. The evolutionary perspective emphasizes the dynamics of the social and cultural forces that shape every aspect of human behavior.
1. Cognitive researchers have been able to study the kind of “thinking” that goes on without awareness.
1. The learning perspective of psychology emphasizes bodily events and changes associated with actions, feelings, and thoughts.
1. Wilhelm Wundt, an American psychologist, was a popular functionalist.
1. “How” and “why” an organism does something were the concerns of functionalists.
1. Scholars of the past who wanted to understand human behavior relied on anecdotes and descriptions of individual cases.
1. Psychology has been a science for more than 1,000 years.
1. The likelihood of lying in surveys is increased when the respondents are guaranteed anonymity.
1. Psychology became a formal discipline in the sixteenth century.